The Types of Grass to Plant Near the Lowlands

Grass plants thrive in a variety of locations and soil conditions. Areas of lowland, such as those along Maine's coastal areas, contain soil conditions that limit your selection of suitable grass types. Maine's Department of Conservation advises that lowland soils within the state of Maine contain layers of sediment. Growing attractive lawns and healthy sources of livestock feed and wildlife forage in lowland areas requires careful selection of grass seed types.

Tall Fescue

According to the University of Maine, this coarse-textured lawn grass tolerates shady areas. Tall fescue thrives in hot summer temperatures and resists wear from foot traffic and pets. It also survives in climates with low winter temperatures, making it suitable for a variety of lowland areas. This species of grass tolerates soil pH levels between 4.7 and 8.5. Keep tall fescue healthy and attractive by mowing it to a height around 2 to 3 inches. This type of lawn grass requires between 1 and 2 inches of water each week.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky bluegrass grows in a variety of soil conditions, including those found in lowland areas. The University of Main warns that this type of grass does not tolerate shady conditions. The University advises planting Kentucky bluegrass in cleared areas or areas outside lowland forests. This grass thrives in neutral soils, preferring a pH level around 6.0 to 7.0. Although it tolerates moist soil, standing water can hinder its growth. Provide a sunny, well-drained area and mow to a height around 2 inches.

Switchgrass

A native grass in many Southern state's lowland areas, switchgrass thrives in both upland and bottomland areas, according to Auburn University in Auburn, Ala. Alamo switchgrass flourishes in heavy, damp soils in lowland locations. This tall grass provides protection from erosion and supplies food for wildlife and birds. Switchgrass grows up to 12 feet tall in some locations, creating a tall screen between yard areas and planting sites. Like many native, aggressive varieties of grass, switchgrass requires little maintenance. Keep this grass from spreading to other areas of your yard by placing a root barrier around the base of these grass plants.

Lowland Silver Tussock

A native plant of Australia, this grass thrives in warm, low areas near coastal regions. Australia's Department of Primary Industries advises that this variety of grass prefers sandy soils near the edge of wetlands and reaches maturity at a height slightly below 1 foot tall. This grass grows in clumps on areas where other vegetation won't survive. It helps the soil resist erosion during floods. This ornamental grass provides nutrition for livestock, such as sheep. The clumping nature of this grass makes it unsuitable for lawn use, but provides an ornamental value to landscapes.

Keywords: lowland grass types, grass varieties, damp soil grass

About this Author

Piper Li, a professional freelance writer, began writing in 1989. Her articles appear in Modern Mom, Biz Mojo, Walden University and GardenGuides. She is the co-editor for "Kansas Women: Focus on Health." With a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Mesa State, Li enjoys writing about health, horticulture and business management.