For gardeners with limited space or those who live in a cool climate, starting peach trees in a pot is a solution. Peach trees bloom earlier than most other fruit trees and are easily damaged by frost. Those who live in regions with cold winters can grow peach trees in containers by moving them inside before temperatures drop in fall. While a tree grown this way won't produce as much fruit as one planted in the ground, it is an excellent alternative for gardeners with limited options.
Place a 1-inch layer of small pebbles in the bottom of a 12- to 18-inch pot. This will prevent over-watering. Fill the pot half-full with a combination of 1 part sand, 1 part peat moss and 1 part perlite. Use a pot that has several drainage holes in the bottom.
Remove the peach tree from its growing container carefully. Inspect the roots and use your fingers to loosen those that appear compacted. Place the root ball into the soil at the same level that it was growing in its original container. Fill the pot to within 1/4 inch of the rim with the remaining growing mixture. Pat down firmly to eliminate air pockets.
Water until the growing mixture feels moist, but not soggy. Place the pot in a location that receives sunlight the majority of the day.
Water whenever the top of the soil is dry. Move the pot outdoors in spring, after all danger of frost has passed.