Organic Vs. Non Organic Seed


Planting a vegetable and fruit garden is a rewarding hobby, producing fresh food straight from your landscape. When starting your garden from seeds, you can choose either organic or non-organic seeds, each with its own advantages.

Organic Seeds

Certified organic seeds labeled as organic must adhere to the National Organic Program standards. In general, organic seeds cannot be treated with synthetic pesticides and fertilizers unless they are permitted by the NOP. Organic seeds are produced by organic fruits and vegetables.

Non-Organic Seeds

Non-organic seeds might be treated with synthetic pesticides or produced from treated plants. Seeds not labeled with the term organic are probably not organically grown. Handle treated seeds with care, washing your hands after touching them. Do not consume them, and keep them out of reach of children.


Organic farmers do not use synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and therefore do not pollute streams, rivers and underground water sources as much as non-organic farmers. Non-organic seeds are typically cheaper than organic seeds and are less susceptible to disease and insect damage.


  • Cooperative Extension Service: Why Organic Seed?
  • Cooperative Extension Service: National Organic Program Summary
  • University of Florida: Seeding the Garden

Who Can Help

  • USDA: National Organic Program (NOP)
Keywords: organic seeds, non organic seeds, growing seeds, growing organic

About this Author

Melissa Lewis has been a professional writer since 2005. Her work has appeared in various online publications. A former elementary classroom teacher and media specialist, Lewis is also a script writer, with a movie script, "Homecoming," she co-wrote currently in production. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology.