• All
  • Articles
  • Videos
  • Plants
  • Recipes
  • Members

Why Leaves Fall Off Green Pepper Plants

Comments ()  |   |  Text size: a A  |  Report Abuse  |  Print
close

Report This Article

Why Leaves Fall Off Green Pepper Plants

Reason for flagging?

Comments

Submit

Share:    |  Email  |  Bookmark and Share

Overview

Green peppers are semi-tropical plants, grown as annuals in the United States. They produce either sweet peppers, used fresh in salads or cooking, or hot peppers that add a zing to salsas and Mexican dishes. Peppers have growing needs similar to tomatoes. They like warmth and moisture. Unlike tomatoes, though, they don't require any staking.

Types

Hundreds of varieties of pepper plants exist. Green bell peppers produce sweet, thick-walled bulbous peppers that are used in salads or in many cooked dishes, including omelets, stuffed peppers and sloppy Joes. Hot green peppers, including jalapeno, anaheim and serrano peppers are generally roasted and added to cooked dishes or salsas. Hot peppers are thin-walled and need less moisture than bell peppers. They grow well in the dry climates of the western United States.

Growing Requirements

Peppers are somewhat persnickety about their growing conditions. Because they are native to Central and South America, they love warm, moist conditions. They perform best when daytime temperatures are consistently above 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Effects

Cold temperatures and dry conditions are the most likely causes of leaf-dropping on peppers. Aphids can slow growth and spread mosaic disease, but the leaves aren't likely to drop. Other problems such as bacterial leaf spot or calcium deficiencies may cause spots on leaves or blemished fruit.

Prevention/Solution

Gardeners often plant peppers too early in the spring, before temperatures are reliably above 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Waiting at least two weeks after the last expected frost before planting will ensure that the soil is warm enough. Using row covers or black plastic mulch also keeps peppers warm. Irrigating pepper plants as needed to keep the soil evenly moist also prevents leaf drop. Peppers need constant moisture and will exhibit signs of stress, including leaf drop, if they are allowed to dry out and then are watered heavily.

Considerations

Peppers grow unpredictably in northern climates. Fast-maturing varieties are more likely to be successful in these areas. Additionally, if the weather is too hot or too cold, flowers will drop and not produce fruit. Unfortunately, the only solution for this problem is to wait for the weather to change.

Keywords: growing pepper plants, pepper leaf drop, pepper plant problems

About this Author

Julie Christensen has been writing for five years. Her work has appeared in "The Friend" and "Western New York Parent" magazines. Her guide for teachers, "Helping Young Children Cope with Grief" will be published this spring. Christensen studied early childhood education at Ricks College and recently returned to school to complete a degree in communications/English.