Roses are a widely cultivated flower species. Their distinct flower petals and colors are known the world over. Planting a rose garden is a task best undertaken if you have the energy and time to dedicate hundreds of work hours to your flowers. Roses require dedication to produce the most beautiful and fragrant varieties.
Locate an area of the yard that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight a day, says Ohio State University. This helps the plant produce the best flowers possible. The area requires wind protection to prevent plants from breaking. The soil requires good drainage. Test the soil by digging a 6-inch-deep hole and filling it with water. Check back in several hours to see if it drains. Amend soil with organic matter to improve drainage if needed.
When to Plant
Plant roses from early spring to early fall, with a preference on early planting. Spring and early summer planting gives the rose plant time to develop before the cold winter months. Colorado State University recommends planting six to seven weeks before the last killing frost of the spring.
Check the subsoil of the planting bed area to see if it is heavy in clay. Dig up the topsoil if clay is present in the subsoil, and replace a portion of the subsoil with peat or compost. Mix 1/3 to 1/2 equal weight of peat or compost to the good soil. Replace the topsoil, then dig a hole that is 18 inches in diameter and 12 inches deep to accommodate the rose bush root system.
Never allow roses to dry out before they are planted. Keep the roots soaking in water until the moment of planting. Try to plant the roses as soon as they are delivered, says the University of Illinois Extension. Soak bare-root roses in water for eight to 12 hours to rehydrate the roots. Cut the plants so that there are three to five canes per plant. Remove any damaged or unhealthy roots from the plant before putting it in the ground. Place the rose into the hole and firm soil around the roots.
Place a brown paper bag over your rose after planting to retain moisture. This is a process called sweating. Remove the bag slowly as the plant begins growing, leaving it off for longer periods throughout the day to prevent the plant from being shocked. Add 4 to 6 inches of soil, mounded around the canes, to keep them from curling as the roots develop.