The apple is one of the most widely cultivated trees. Not surprisingly, this has led to an immense number of varieties. Apples have been bred for many different climates, markets and cultures. According to the Midwest Apple Improvement Association, apples originated in the Middle East; it should not be surprising, therefore, that many of today's common varieties are quite heat-resistant. Some of these varieties not only tolerate heat, but require heat to produce optimal fruit.
Pink Lady® (Cripps Pink)
Pink Lady® is the brand name of high-quality apples of the Cripps Pink variety. It is a modern brand and is known for the pink flush across its surface. According to OrangePippin.com, this variety requires a long, hot growing period in order to produce fruit. It originated in Australia and is often grown in the southern U.S., South Africa and southern Europe.
Cox's Orange Pippin
Cox's Orange Pippin originated in England, and is well-known for its rich, complex flavor. As implied by the name, the apple often has an orange appearance. The Orange Pippin Web site explains that despite the apple's origin in the British Isles (which can often be cooler and wet), it requires a warm and dry climate to thrive.
Braeburn is a very important commercial apple. It is one of the five most grown apple varieties in Washington State--which is the U.S.A.'s largest apple producer--and also comprises over one-third of New Zealand's apple production, according to Orange Pippin. It is a flavorful apple and originated in New Zealand. The Braeburn does best in regions with lots of sunlight, warm temperatures and a long growing season.
The Granny Smith apple is one of the most famous and recognizable, due to its green coloration. The taste is also distinctive and tart. According to Orange Pippin, it was discovered in Australia, and hence does well in climates that are hot and dry. The tart flavor indicates that the Granny Smith may have a cross with a crab apple variety somewhere in its past.