Growing grass in the backyard is not just ornamental, it also prevents erosion of the topsoil layer. Although growing from seed exposes the soil to wind and rain for a greater period, the grass grown from seed has a stronger root system says the University of Minnesota. You also have a greater variety from which to choose.
Determine what turfgrass grows best in your location, says Ohio State University. This prevents a failure during the germination process. Determine how much time you wish to spend managing your lawn before choosing a turfgrass. Some grass varieties require more work than others.
Choose seed that is certified to ensure it is of good quality. The label lists what is in the seed mix and what the germination rate of the seed variety is says the University of Missouri. Seed purity that is less than 100 percent contains a small amount of weed seed. Choose new seed as well to ensure it is fresh.
Prepare the seed bed properly to ensure the seed has the correct environment to take root. Remove all debris form the area and spray with an herbicide to kill any weeds. Allow the herbicide time to wear off before tilling the soil. Add 3 inches of organic matter such as compost over the entire seed bed area and till it in. Till to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, and then smooth the area using a rake.
Seed at the correct time for the variety chosen. Different varieties vary in seeding rate. Determine how many pounds of seed are required per 1,000 square feet. Measure your lawn and calculate the amount of seed required for a thorough coverage. Apply half the seed in one direction across the lawn and cross the first pass with the second pass.
Water is required to germinate the seed. Applying water directly after sowing is best. A thin covering of straw holds moisture on the seed, prevents birds from eating it and wind from blowing the seed away. Water deeply every few days as the seed takes root, increasing the depth as the grass grows. Water to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.