St. Augustine grass does well in warm, coastal climates with mild winters. Although it can grow in many types of moist or wet soils, St. Augustine grass is mainly grown in the southern areas of the U.S., including the Gulf Coast, Texas, Florida the Carolinas and California. This turf requires moderate maintenance including mowing, fertilization and adequate watering. Because of its popularity, newer varieties St. Augustine grasses have been developed.
Woerner Turf, a large sod producer in the U.S., developed Classic St. Augustine grass in the early 2000s. Classic is mainly found in northern parts of Florida. Although this grass thrives in warm temperatures, the Classic variety is more tolerant of cold and shade than other types. The turf is visually attractive, with a dark green color and should be mowed at approximately 3 1/2 inches.
Sapphire is a hardy variety of St. Augustine grass. Sapphire was introduced in 2007 and has a fine blade with a deep blue-green color. Although it has a soft texture, Sapphire is a good choice for lawns that receive a lot of foot traffic. Sapphire St. Augustine grass is tolerant of salt, shade and drought and does not require as much maintenance or fertilization as some other St. Augustine varieties.
Palmetto is a good turf choice for coastal regions. Developed in 1994, Palmetto is a semi-dwarf type that flourishes in both full sun and shaded areas and is naturally resistant to cinch bugs. It is a finer blade grass, making it attractive for commercial and residential areas.
Delta Shade St. Augustine grass was released in 2005 and is mainly used as turf for sod fields. This variety has a lighter green color, and good shade tolerance. Delta Shade should be mowed around 3 1/2 to 4 inches.