Growing organic vegetables from seed may seem like a new and trendy notion, but it is actually one of the oldest known methods of gardening. The main differences between organic and standard gardening are in the areas of fertilization and pest control. By avoiding chemicals when fertilizing and ridding the plants of pests you are also preventing the contamination of the vegetables, the soil and your body. Purchasing organic vegetable seeds helps ensure that the plants you grow are uncontaminated right from the start.
Fill seed starting trays 3/4 of the way with organic potting soil. Plant the seeds at the depth recommended on the package and add just enough water to moisten the soil.
Add a label to each tray detailing the type of seed planted, the date and when germination is expected to occur. Cover the trays with a layer of plastic wrap and move them to a sunny location.
Check the soil regularly and water only when it feels dry to the touch. Remove the plastic wrap as soon as the first seedling appears.
Till the soil in the chosen planting location and amend with 4 to 5 inches of organic compost. It is best to add the compost two to three weeks before transplanting the seedlings into the garden.
Thin the seedlings once they have developed their second set of leaves. Use a small pair of scissors to snip the least healthy of the seedlings off level with the soil. You should leave one plant in place for every 1 to 2 inches of soil space.
Use a garden hoe to create rows for each variety of vegetables. Transplant the seedlings and water just enough to moisten the soil well.
Add a 2 to 3-inch layer of organic mulch around each seedling. Use a permanent marker to write the names of the vegetables on wooden craft sticks and place one at the beginning of each row.
Feed with complete organic fertilizer as often as recommended for each type of vegetable. Remove any weeds that pop up with your hands or with a garden hoe.
Examine the plants often for signs of disease and insect infestation. If you notice pests try washing the plants well with an insecticidal soap made from fatty acids. You can also try sticky traps that have been treated with pheromone. Remove any diseased plants immediately to prevent the infection from spreading.