The American goldfinch (Spinus tristis), also called wild canary or the Eastern goldfinch, is a small migratory north American bird that changes color in the summer and winter. The males change from a bright yellow in the summer to a deep olive in the winter, and the females are a light yellow-brown in the summer and darken slightly in the winter. Tempt these dazzling birds to frequent or nest in your backyard or garden with the right kinds of shade-loving plants.
Although these trees thrive in the swampy southeastern areas of the United States, they are commonly grown northward towards Illinois and Connecticut and westward towards Texas. Sweetgums (Liquidambar styraciflua) are also called star-leaved gum due to their shape of their leaves, redgum and gumtree. These trees prefer moist soils and grow between 90 to 150 feet tall. Sweetgum trees provide nesting opportunities for migrating American goldfinch and plenty of seeds.
Pagoda Dogwood Tree
Pagoda dogwood trees, commonly called alternate-leaved dogwoods, grow in partial shade to full sunlight provided there is plenty of moisture in the soil to keep the roots hydrated. Native to eastern North America, this deciduous tree grows up to 25 feet tall and is usually used for ornamental plantings. It produces berries that feed over 98 species of varieties of birds including goldfinches.
Maple trees thrive in north temperate areas, which is why they are common in Canada and the United States. Depending on the variety grown these deciduous trees grow between 20 feet to over 80 feet tall. Maples are renowned for their fall foliage which changes from green to a vibrant orange-brown before the tree becomes bare. Goldfinches eat sap from maple trees.
Traveller's Joy (Clematis vitalba)
Commonly called old man's beard, this plant features masses of white flowers followed by seed heads that are surrounded by feathers, hence the name. This perennial climber grows vigorously but can be controlled by pruning. Both greenfinches and goldfinches are attracted to its seeds.
There are over 65 varieties of ash trees in North America that vary in size and height. These trees produce tiny red succulent berries that people cook for jelly and which also form a part of a goldfinch's diet. Add mycorrhizal fungi to the soil when planting a young ash tree to help develop strong roots that fight diseases.