Several inventions or patents for inventions to improve pollination exist today. These inventions help overcome the problems businesses face in adequately and thoroughly pollinating their fields of crops when flowering starts. Better pollination improves crop yields, causing the business to make more money and provide more results for each acre planted. Most of the inventions include new or better methods of improving pollination.
Bee Attracting Composition Method
To attract bees to fields that need pollinating during the blooming period, this invention uses a dry powder of wettable and dispersible bee attractants. The attractants include whey, lactose and sucrose. Farmers take the powder, mix it up and spray it onto fields needing honey bee pollination. The attractant draws bees to the field so they start working to increase pollination. The powder could also be applied via dusting the field.
Aerial Distribution Method
One invention includes a method for uniform aerial distribution of live pollinating agents, such as bees, to improve pollination in large fields. The problem the method helps overcome is based on the fact that honey bees placed near fields of crops--such as sunflower, canola, peanuts and tomatoes--barely pollinate the plants found toward the middle of the field. Instead, they tend to heavily pollinate the edges of the field, but not the interior. The method includes dispersing the live organisms into the air from the edges of fields or dropping them into the air above the field. Another option includes landing the delivery device containing the live organisms in the field itself with the use of a firing mechanism. The delivery method includes use of a biodegradable device shaped like a cone, cube or cylinder. The device deploys by throwing out numerous smaller units that each reach a different part of the field. The units are protected with a material that repels undesirable animals. Each unit also contains a fungicide to protect the live organisms. Once the smaller units deploy, the living organisms start pollinating the plants in their immediate area.
Extension of Pollination Period
An invention to extend or delay a plant's pollination period involves delaying early growth of seedlings to help synchronize the plant's flowering. This, in turn, helps to prolong the period during which more plants get pollinated. The method works by inhibiting the growth of plants used as parents in hybrid seed production. Hybrid seed production typically requires the planting of two varieties of seed on which controlled cross-pollination takes place. Often, the seeds are planted on different dates, making extra plantings necessary to get enough pollen. Typical crops that use this method include corn and canola seeds.
A treatment of non-phytotoxic amounts of S-abscisic acid allows the seeds to emerge and grow at the same time. This also lets both types of seeds flower at the same time so successful pollination can take place, increasing the chances of success.