A wide variety of cultivated, domestic flowers grow throughout England. Each season the area is alight with a kaleidoscope of blossom colors. Manicured gardens, cottage flower patches and wildflowers flourish across the country. Domestic flowers are grown for enjoyment and as cut flowers. The gardens offer plants of varying heights, sizes and colors.
The lady's mantel (Alchemilla mollis) is commonly grown in English gardens. It forms a mound of clumping, soft green foliage. Each leaf offers a dainty scalloped edge with soft, fine hairs. In the moist weather of England, the small leaves often hold tiny droplets of water which give the plant a unique appearance. Large clusters of small yellow flowers appear on stems that stand up to 18 inches in height. The plant prefers moist weather conditions. In areas with extreme heat, the leaves often suffer areas of burn, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. A vigorous self seeder, the lady's mantle has invasive tendencies. Clip the flower heads for cut flowers to reduce seed production.
The ice plant (Sedum spectabile) produces large, waxy, grayish-green foliage. The plant is a succulent that is capable of withstanding times of drought. Large globes of tiny white or pink flowers form on 2-foot-tall stems. Water droplets form on the flowers and the foliage in the cool mornings, which gives the plant a sparkling appearance. The flowers draw a wide variety of butterflies and bees. Ice plants grow from a tuberous root system. In England, the plant flowers through October, then produces large maroon seeds in showy clusters. The plant does not tolerate extreme shade or water-logged soil conditions, according to Natural England.
The cotton lavender plant (S. chamaecyparissus) produces lacy foliage that appears silvery and soft to the touch. Flowers resemble a brilliant yellow pompom. The plant is widely grown in small British gardens, according to the British Broadcasting Channel. Cotton lavender has been grown throughout England since Medieval and Renaissance times. It requires full sunlight to flourish with well-draining soil conditions. After flowering in July, the plant can be pruned back to maintain its size and shape. It grows to a height of 2 feet when left untrimmed, and can also be grown as a low-growing hedge.
Common Solomon's Seal
Common Solomon's seal (Polygonatum biflorum) is an English cottage garden favorite. The plant produces arching stems that feature dangling white bell-shaped flowers. The flowers continue to grace the plant from spring into the summer months. The plant grows well in partial or full shade. It prefers moist soil conditions. It is hardy and will return with vigor year after year. Common Solomon's seal is often planted in a garden filled with green ferns. It grows to a height of up to 50 inches.