Several herbs mentioned in the Bible are commonly cultivated in home gardens around the United States, including coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminun cyminum), garlic (Allium sativum), mustard (Brassica nigra), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). A garden devoted to biblical herbs is useful for its culinary benefits and educational value, such as for children in a Christian household. Many herbs are relatively pest free and easy to cultivate, given the proper growing conditions.
Purchase transplants or seed packets of the biblical herb varieties you wish to cultivate. Pay attention to seed planting dates and other cultivation notes specific to the herb, found on either the transplant tag or seed packet.
Determine how much space you need to devote to the garden, according to which herbs you wish to grow. Seed packets and transplant labels indicate the proper spacing between plants for proper development.
Amend the soil in your garden area with organic compost for improved texture and fertility. Add the amendments in enough quantities to produce an uncompacted, nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. Test the soil with a pH kit for more precise amendment needs. Another option is to grow biblical herbs in containers of various sizes and design, especially if space is limited. Containers need holes for good drainage.
Plant seeds or transplants according to seed packet instructions and keep the soil evenly moist, watering as necessary, especially in hot, windy climates. Avoid over-watering, which causes root rotting. Harvest leaves, stems or seeds during plant development, according to which herb is grown and which plant part is desired.
Plant garlic cloves ½ to 1 inch deep, 3 to 5 inches apart and positioned upright, according to Ohio State University extension. Keep garlic bulbs intact until separating the cloves when ready to set them in the soil. Start garlic plants as early as possible in the spring so vegetative growth fully develops before bulbs form. Harvest garlic bulbs by digging rather than pulling. Harvest late in the summer as foliage begins drying.