When planting a vegetable garden, it is best practice to have a layout plan in mind or drawn onto paper. The types of vegetables, the space they need and how long they grow should all be considered. Last but not least, it is important to provide for the irrigation requirements of the vegetable garden.
Water efficiency should be considered when designing the home garden. Placing vegetables too far apart reduces water efficiency, as more water is required to irrigate the entire area. Irrigation timers, which set the time and duration of watering, help reduce water consumption. Over-watering plants also reduces water effectiveness once it is in the soil. Soil that is compact will often reject water when there is too much of it or when it does not have enough time to absorb it.
To increase the efficiency of the watering system, the soil surface requires preparation. The soil requires tilling and leveling off. A flat surface that does not have mounds, beds or ditches, says Oregon State University, reduces water run off and erosion. Raised areas that dry out are harder to wet again.
Overhead sprinklers may be used in a vegetable gardens since they cover a large area, but sprinklers waste a lot of water however due to wind and evaporation. As water moves away from the hose, water dissipates. Vegetables far away from the sprinkler may suffer. When using sprinklers, oscillating heads are more efficient because they are easy to adjust to the garden's needs.
Soaker hoses are cheap and efficient to use in the irrigation of a garden. The common soaker hose is made of plastic with small holes in it. These holes emit a slow trickle of water. This drip moves so slowly that it moves through soil evenly, even when compacted. A filter is required to prevent clogging within the system.
Watering Can or Hose
Watering cans or hoses are also systematic ways to water the garden. Low-pressure hoses should be used, never high pressure. Water is pointed towards the base of the plant and not the foliage to prevent damage and reduce burning from the sun.