Garden flower borders add color to the green of a landscape. Vinyl or fencing borders keep the lawn separate from a vegetable garden. Sunken brick mowing borders make it easier to edge the lawn. Borders may be composed of flowers, bushes, natural materials or manmade materials, depending on the look you want to achieve, and come in all prices ranges. All prices are as of 2010 and may vary from region to region, store to store.
Annual Flower Borders
Annuals grow from seed, live for one season, flower and die. They may re-seed themselves but it's a brand-new plant. Annual seeds are not very expensive, costing from $1 to $2.50 per package. Each package has from 50 to 200 seeds. If you grow annuals, save the seeds and replant them the next year. Annual seedlings usually are available in six packs and one-pint sizes. Six packs cost from $ to $3. One-pint sizes range from $1 to $3 each. Old-fashioned and heirloom varieties produce seedlings that bloom true to the parent; hybrid varieties may not. Short annual border plants are alyssum, moss roses and lobelia, which grow no more than 4 inches tall. Medium-size borders growing between 12 and 15 inches high are calendulas, marigolds and candytuft. Tall borders of 3 feet or more include cosmos, zinnias, larkspur and bachelor buttons.
Perennials take a few years to hit their stride as far as blooming. They typically don't produce many--if any--blooms the first year from seed. They produce a few blooms the second year and lots of blooms the third year. Nurseries sell perennials in one-qt. pots and 1-gallon size pots. The cost is between $3 for one-qt. pots to $8 for the one-gallon size. The cost also is based on the variety of perennial. More unusual and difficult-to-grow perennials or those in high demand may cost more. Perennials cost more than annuals because the nursery or grower has had to keep them in inventory for at least a year. If you would like free perennials, take cuttings--with permission of course--and propagate them yourself. Perennials such as daylillies can be split, while others can be dug up. Shady border suggestions include hostas, hellaborus, pulmonaria and lady's mantle.
A border of roses looks beautiful and smells even better. The cost can be a bit pricey. Individual roses may cost $25 per two-gallon plant. Nonpatented bare root roses may be found in early spring for between $5 and $7 per plant. Propagate roses with stem cuttings to get plants for free. Miniature roses grow to 3 feet high and have flowers about the size of a silver dollar. At florists and grocery stores, they are sold in 4-inch pots and are about 6 inches tall. They cost between $5 and $10 per pot. Look closely at stems in the pot because there is usually more than one plant. Cut the root ball in the pot, one for each stem of roses, to get up to four plants for the price of one.
Borders That Aren't Plants
Borders cost nothing when you use prunings from your trees to make an interwoven fence. Look around for bricks or old stepping stones that can be broken and used as edging. Use similar-sized rocks as a uniform border. Vinyl edging at $10 per 25 feet is less expensive than wire fencing at $10 per 8 feet, and fancy metal fencing sold in 3-foot sections for $10 per section is more expensive than wire fencing.