Over 8000 species of flowering plants live in the islands of the Philippines, according to the Flora of the Philippines website. Of these, 30 to 40 percent are considered endemic, or native to this tropical island nation. Because of widespread development of roads, cities and other construction activities of humans, the Filipino forests are badly damaged; the Philippines are considered one of the world's top 10 environmental "hotspots." The national flower jasmine, hibiscus and orchids are some of the Philippine's native plants you can grow in tropical climates, or in your greenhouse.
Prepare a planting location outdoors if you live in USDA climate zones 9 through 11. If you live in a cooler climate, you can plant the Jasminum sambac in a pot, which you keep outdoors in the summer and move indoors for the winter. Use a standard potting soil and a container that is larger that the root system your plant. Make sure it has a drainage hole.
Dig a planting hole in an area with full sun to partial shade. Make your hole twice the size of your plant's root system and move the soil into a wheelbarrow. Mix compost with the soil at a ratio of about one part compost to every four parts of soil. Refill your planting hole half full with this mixture.
Take your jasmine out of its nursery pot and set it into the planting hole. Fill to the top with your soil and compost mixture and then pat the soil down around the plant's base. Water it well by running a hose at a slow drip for about 20 minutes. After this time, keep the soil moist but not constantly soggy, according to Floridata.
Plant your hibiscus in a large pot with a drainage hole. Make sure the container is larger than the root system of your plant and that it has at least one drainage hole. Put standard potting soil in the pot to a level that will allow the soil surface of your plant's nursery pot to sit about ½ inch from the lip of the pot. You can set your potted hibiscus into the pot to calculate how much potting soil to place into it.
Take your hibiscus out of its nursery pot and loosen the roots gently, especially if it is rootbound.
Set your plant into the pot and distribute the roots evenly around the base. Hold the plant with one hand so the top of the roots is about ½ inch from the top of the pot. With your other hand, scoop potting soil into the pot and press it down gently after the pot is full. Water well, until water runs out the drainage hole(s) of your pot and then keep the soil in your hibiscus pot moist, but not soggy.
Grow orchids in pots indoors. Generally, orchids prefer filtered sunlight or partial shade.
Choose a pot that is slightly larger than the pot in which your Filipino orchid arrived. Make sure it has a drainage hole.
Place a small amount of orchid bark in the bottom of your pot and then take your plant out of its nursery pot. Set it on top of the bark in your new pot and then fill the pot to within ½ inch of the rim with additional bark. Water well, but allow the bark to dry slightly before you water your orchid again.
About this Author
Barbara Fahs lives on Hawaii island, where she has created Hi'iaka's Healing Herb Garden. Fahs wrote "Super Simple Guide to Creating Hawaiian Gardens," and has been a professional writer since 1984. She contributes to Big Island Weekly, Ke Ola magazine, GardenGuides and eHow. She earned her B.A. at UCSB and her M.A. from San Jose State University.