New Jersey has an idyllic climate that is well suited for growing fruit trees. However, you must provide proper care that includes weeding, fertilizing and proper water techniques to have a fruit tree that thrives and produces fruit in your zone. Fruit trees should be planted in fall or spring, and it may take up to five years for your tree to bear fruit. However, when fruit does grow on the tree, you will have a bountiful harvest that can last 50 years.
Choose a section of the yard that gets full sun for most of the day. This area should also provide soil that has adequate drainage for the fruit trees. Citrus trees should also have shelter against high winds that can damage or kill the tree and unripe fruits.
Measure the growing space to see how many trees will be able to fit in the area once they are fully grown. Trees should have a growing width that is five times the size of the root ball. When planted too close together, the trees will not have good airflow and this can promote tree diseases. The trees will also fight for water and nutrients. In small growing areas, multiple trees can be planted with enough room for all, if dwarf varieties are used.
Dig a hole that is five times the width and height of the fruit tree. Dig around the freshly dug hole to make sure that most of the soil is loose for the roots to grow into and spread. Before you plant the tree, add nutrients in the form of bone meal to the bottom of the hole. Mix the fertilizer with the soil.
Lift the tree from the ground and place it into the new hole. Spread the roots of the fruit tree, so that they are not all crushed under the weight of the tree. Fill in the surrounding areas of the hole with topsoil. Tap the soil around the tree to lightly pack the dirt.
Water around the base of the fruit tree until the entire area has been soaked through. Eliminate air pockets by using the shovel to pat down the one more time. If the dirt has settled lower than the root ball, add more top soil to the planting area.
Fertilize water and weed the fruit tree as often as possible during the early years of the tree's life. This will help the tree to survive and will increase its chances of providing you with fresh fruit every year. Keep the soil moist but not excessively wet by placing mulch around the area. Keep the mulch off of the tree trunk as this will cause the bark to rot.