Types of Nusery Soil

The type of nursery soil you have determines what plants you can successfully grow. Perlite, bark mulch, choir, compost, vermiculite and sand make up a few of the main ingredients in nursery soil. If you mix your own soil, place it in covered garbage pails for long-term, pest-free storage. Avoid breathing the dust from any nursery soil mixture.

Sharp Soil

Use sharp soils for plants that require excellent drainage. Sharp soils normally contain sand, perlite, small stones, vermiculite or a mixture of these ingredients. Prevent the small particles from running out of drainage holes by placing screen over them. This soil mix, most often sand based, is low in nutrients so gardeners apply water-soluble fertilizers often when growing fertilizer-loving plants. Slow-release fertilizers are used as well. Plants suited to this type of soil mix include cacti, succulents, carrots, blue berries, sage and wiregrass.

Heavy Soil

Use heavy soil with a variety of moisture- and nutrient-loving plants. This soil type usually contains high amounts of clay and sediment. Clay has tiny, plate-like particles that lay snugly against each other, creating an effective seal against water. Liquid is slow to penetrate heavy clay soil; once absorbed, it drains slowly. Because of this, dry- and airy-soil loving plants such as cacti fail to survive for long. Plans suitable for high clay content soils include roses, poplar trees, willows, privet hedge, cypress trees and mulberry bushes.

Airy Soil

This type soil is called loam. Loam contains high amounts of fertile particles, mainly rotting organic matter. Its high-nutrient content and light texture, due to large organic components, makes loam a good growing medium for many plant species. Earthworms, frequently found in such good quality soils, relish the moisture content and food sources available to them. In such healthy soils, the number of earthworms rises to levels most beneficial to your plants. Their tiny tunnels and castings offer plants aeration and natural nutrients. Plants that do well in this airy textured soil include okra, carrots, oak trees, althea, poppies, hibiscus, hollyhocks, tomatoes, potatoes and salvia.

Keywords: soil mix types, types of soil, soil ingredients

About this Author

Izzy McPhee has been a freelance writer since 1999. Her work appears on GardenGuides, eHow and her blog, FrugalGardeningMomma. She writes about gardening, nature conservation, pond care, aquariums, child care, family, living on a budget and do-it-yourself projects. Her paintings have appeared in the well-known gallery The Country Store Gallery in Austin, Texas.