How to Plant & Grow Peach Trees

Overview

According to Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet, peaches, referred to as the "queen" of fruits, form the second most popular deciduous trees in the United States after apples due to their flavor and range of use. This succulent fruit is usually eaten raw, cooked or baked and is packed with vitamins A and C, fiber and potassium. Grow a peach tree in your backyard or garden and reap the benefits when it starts to produce fruit, which, according to Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, is after three to four years.

Step 1

Scrub the pit of a peach you just ate with water and dry with a terry towel. Set it on a newspaper in a sunny spot for a week until completely dry.

Step 2

Add well-drained potting soil to a 4-inch pot until 1/2 inch below the rim. Insert the pit 2 inches deep. Punch small holes in a plastic bag and insert the pot in it.

Step 3

Refrigerate the pot for 70 to 90 days to provide it the stratification period it needs in order to germinate. Keep the soil evenly moist during this time and remove the plastic bag for short intervals to increase airflow if you notice mold on the soil.

Step 4

Remove the pot from the refrigerator and place it near a sunny windowsill or any indoor spot where the temperature is 70 degrees F. Moisten the soil frequently for two to three weeks, until it germinates. Transplant outdoors between December to February.

Step 5

Amend the soil three weeks to a month before planting. Make sure the selected spot receives six to eight hours of direct sunlight every day and has well-drained, sandy loam soil with a pH of 6.5. Loosen the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches and add shovelfuls of organic matter such as compost, manure or grass clippings. Rake the soil until level.

Step 6

DIg a hole in the planting site as deep as the root ball but twice as wide. Lower the root ball in the center of the hole and spread roots in different directions. Cover with soil and press down to remove trapped air. Water lightly to ensure the soil is evenly moist.

Step 7

Apply 1/2 lb. of well balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer a week to 10 days after planting, and then again after 40 days. Apply 3/4 lbs. of the fertilizer every March and May in the second and third year after planting.

Step 8

Prune the tree every year into an inverted umbrella shape that allows sunlight to penetrate the canopy. Remove dead, dying or diseased branches.

Things You'll Need

  • Peach pit
  • Water
  • Terry towel
  • Newspaper
  • Potting soil
  • 4-inch pot
  • Plastic bag
  • Shovel
  • Compost or manure
  • Rake
  • Well-balanced fertilizer
  • Pruning scissors

References

  • Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: Growing Peaches and Nectaries in the Home Landscape
  • Alabama Cooperative Extension Service: Frequently Asked Questions about Buying and Planting Peach Trees
  • Department of Agriculture and Food: Growing Healthy Fruit Trees in the Home Garden
  • Colorado State University Extension: Starting Peaches from Pits
  • Alabama Cooperative Extension Service: Frequently Asked Questions About Peach Tree Maintenance
Keywords: growing peach tree, peach tree, homegrown fruit tree

About this Author

Tanya Khan is a freelance author and consultant, having written hundreds of thousands of words for various online and print sources. She has an MBA in Marketing but her passion lies in giving her words wings.