The Bearss lime is a seedless variety of Tahitian lime (Citrus latifolia) developed in the late 1800s by a Californian, John Bearss. The trees are nearly thorn-less and the fruit is larger than Mexican limes, reaching maturity in late autumn or early winter. Bearss lime trees grow to 15 to 20 feet tall with a 5- to 10-foot spread. Bearss lime trees are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 8a through 11.
Choose a planting location that receives full sun all day.
Check the soil drainage in the planting site by digging a hole, 1 foot square and 1 foot deep. Fill the hole with water and allow it to drain. Refill the hole with water and time how long it takes to drain completely. If it takes two hours or less, mix 3 inches of compost into the top 6 inches of soil. If the hole takes over 6 hours to drain, add 3 to 4 inches of sand to the top 8 inches of soil and mix it in well.
Dig a planting hole deep enough so the top of the lime tree's root ball will sit 1/2 inch above the soil level. The hole should be twice the diameter of the root ball.
Remove the Bearss lime tree from the pot and gently wash the soil from the root ball. Place the roots into the hole and add a shovel-full of soil. Work the soil in and around the roots with your fingers. Fill the hole with water and when it drains, fill it with soil. Lightly press the soil around the base of the tree with your hands or feet.
Water the newly planted Bearss lime tree twice a week for the first month, then reduce the frequency to every 10 days.