Although cloning animals remains a controversial topic in science, no one gets very upset at the idea of cloning plants. That's because most people know the process of cloning a plant by another name. Gardeners refer to cloning a plant as rooting a plant cutting. You can start many plants from rooted plant cuttings, including pepper plants. Pepper plant cuttings grow slightly smaller than their parent plants, but also propagate more reliably on a one-to-one ratio than seeds will.
Slice away a pepper plant leaf and leaf petiole along with a 5 cm section of stem.
Fill a potting tray with peat moss. Water the tray by placing it into a cake pan filled with water to a shallow depth. Allow the peat moss to absorb the water through capillary action until the entire planting tray is as damp as a wrung-out sponge.
Open a planting hole in the peat moss with a spoon.
Dip the stem of the pepper plant into rooting hormone.
Place the stem and lower half of the leaf petiole in the peat moss and cover with soil.
Put a plastic dome over the planting tray. Place the tray in a windowsill out of direct sunlight.
Check the plant daily. Mist the plant anytime the soil becomes dry.
Remove the dome from the tray as soon as the clone plant sprouts roots.