Aloe plants include over 400 types and are adaptable to most indoor growing conditions. Aloe plants are used worldwide as medicinal plants to treat cuts and burns. Aloes are succulents producing rosettes of thick leaves with tall flower stalks topped with tubular flowers. These rare blossoms are white, yellow, orange or red. Aloe varieties range from plants that grow next to the ground to long trunk types. Aloes are popular houseplants in areas with harsh winters.
Wash a terra cotta plant pot with soapy water and rinse with a solution of one part bleach and nine parts water. This gets rid of any hiding insect pests and plant disease. Aloes thrive when they are slightly root bound, so choose a plant pot only 1 inch larger than the current container.
Drill holes in the bottom of the plant pot if there are no drainage holes present. With an electric drill, apply a bit of pressure so you do not crack the clay pot. Cover the holes on the inside with a screen mesh to prevent soil from falling through the drain holes.
Mix equal parts of sand, perlite and potting soil. Aloe plants thrive in quick-draining soils with a little organic material. Commercial cacti potting soil can be used instead.
Fill the plant pot with the potting mixture up to 2 inches from the rim. This allows room to catch water when watering the aloe. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball in the soil with a hand trowel. Remove the aloe from its container and place the aloe in the hole.
Firm the soil around the aloe plant to hold it upright. Pour water in the top of the plant pot until it runs out the bottom. Let the container drain for 10 minutes, then place it on its saucer. Locate the aloe plant in a bright area.