Roses have long been a favorite of gardeners; they're beautiful and not difficult to grow, provided the variety chosen is suited to the climate and the flower's basic needs are attended to. Given the proper tools, this is easy to accomplish. The list below provides all the tools needed to care for roses.
A good, sharpened spade is required for planting in a sunny location, with well-draining soil. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the root system in an area with good air circulation. Use the spade to mix in generous amounts of humus and peat moss, and to apply applications of compost for fertilization, as well.
Use spade again when preparing for winter, by mounding dirt from a separate area of the garden over the base of each rose bush after a couple of hard freezes have occurred and night temperatures remain below freezing. Once the mound has frozen, cover it with evergreen boughs or straw to prevent alternate freezing and thawing.
Water roses deeply, with a garden hose or drip irrigation system, by flooding basins to ensure root saturation. Use occasional overhead watering with a sprinkler or hose nozzle to remove dust and freshen foliage, and provide partial control for pests, such as aphids and spider mites. However, without proper air circulation, overhead watering may encourage plant diseases.
Spread mulch 2 to 3 inches deep to preserve moisture, deter weeds and keep soil cool and aerated in the summer heat with a garden fork.
Apply liquid fertilizers as foliar sprays with a simple plastic spray bottle, so the foliage directly absorbs the nutrients. Use separate spray bottles to administer applications of insecticide at the first signs of pest infestation and fungicide. Another spray bottle is required to spray plants and soil with oil or lime sulfur during the dormant season; this destroys diseased organisms and insect eggs that could survive over winter.
A pair of sharp pruning shears is required for the conservative pruning of roses. Prune at the end of the dormant season (January to March) to promote new growth in the spring. Cut out dead wood and branches that cross the plant's center or rub against larger canes, (or stems). Prune growth produced during the previous year with cuts made above the outward-facing buds to improve appearance, but do not cut out more than one-third to one-half the length of the previous season's growth. Also, prune out any suckers, which grow out of the root stock and take away vitality from the main bush, and completely remove them at soil level. Use pruning shears to cut back particularly long canes to about 4 feet.
Use a rake for cleanup of all dead leaves and other garden debris immediately after pruning, as a first line of defense against foliar diseases, such as powdery mildew, rust and black spot, which commonly afflict roses.
Use soft twine to bind canes together, to prepare for winter protection.