Rose trees start out as grafts on a central cane. These canes are usually between 24 inches long for miniatures and up to 40 inches high for rose standards. The first graft is at the top of the cane to create the blooms. The second graft is at the bottom of the cane, at the rootstock. The outcome is a lollipop-shaped rose tree.
Miniature rose trees stand out in pots, hanging baskets, on porches, in flower beds, as short or tall hedges and as borders. There are always new and interesting varieties coming on stream in a wide array of colors. The Nor'East Miniature Roses website, "Love and Peace" has red and lavender stripes to "show the LOVE of stripes and the PEACE we find when we are in the garden." The 1-1/2-inch flowers grow in clusters and the roses have between 17 and 25 petals. "Leading Lady" is a hybrid tea whose full, long lasting petals are creamy white edged in light pink. "Lo & Behold" displays dazzling yellow blooms on long stems with dark green and disease resistant leaves. "Peach Delight" makes an ideal, long-stemmed cut flower, with double blooms and deep apricot inner petals.
Keeping rose trees in perfect shape takes disciplined pruning. It is best to do some homework to ensure that you prune to suit the type of rose that ornaments the top of the cane. This is important for the continuing good health of the rose, which can be susceptible to diseases if pruned incorrectly. When pruning, avoid causing undue pressure and stem breakage due to uneven weight distribution. As to varieties, the Teas Nursery website, for example, includes a host of standard rose trees, with something to suit every gardener. There is the hot cocoa tree with chocolate red roses, and by contrast, the iceberg with white roses. The 36-inch Olympiad rose tree features vibrant red roses. The scentimental Tree has burgundy and white blooms. The sunsprite tree has yellow roses and is also 36 inches tall.
Tombstone Rose Tree
Tombstone, Arizona, is home to the imposing Lady Banks rose (Rosa banksiae). Every April, this tree with an 8,000-square-foot canopy, exhibits clusters of white roses on interwoven canes. The tree trunk is more than 14 feet in girth. This tree dates back to 1885, when its cuttings were a gift of love to a homesick bride from Scotland, named Mary Gee. The Lady Banks rose is an evergreen, thornless and drought-tolerant tree that thrives throughout the Southern United States. Its name honors Dorothea Banks, the wife of Sir Joseph Banks, the eminent British botanist.