The philodendron plant is a member of the Arum or Araceae family. It is related to the peace lily (Spathiphyllum) and Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema). There are more than 400 species of known philodendron, and each type possesses its own characteristics. These differences can include height, leaf shape and coloring. The philodendron is a popular houseplant due to its ease in care and ability to tolerate the sometimes low lighting of the indoors.
Choose a location that will accommodate your philodendron plant as it grows. Although a climbing philodendron may do well on a shelf in an office, a tree philodendron requires a large area as it may grow to a height of nearly 15 feet when it is fully grown.
Water your philodendron plant on a regular basis. The philodendron prefers a well-drained soil, but does not like it overly wet. Allow the soil to dry in between each watering.
Keep the philodendron plant out of direct sunlight. Although a philodendron can thrive in low light conditions, direct sunlight may actually burn the leaves of the plant.
Dust the philodendron plant to keep it clean. Dirt and dead insects can block the pores of the plant and prohibit it from growing, as it should. Use a damp paper towel to clean away the dust and debris to help keep the plant healthy.