Plant Varieties & Seeds

More than 350,000 species comprise the kingdom plantae, from flowering plants to other varieties; in fact, flowering plants comprise the majority of the plant kingdom. Flowering plants are also seed-bearing plants, and they vary greatly in color, shape, texture, scent and habitat. Knowing about some of the different plant varieties and seeds allows you to landscape an attractive garden for your outdoor home environment.

Apple Tree

A fruit variety plant, the apple tree produces edible fruits of the same name. It's an angiosperm, or flowering-plant, and produces seeds within the fleshy fruits. The apple tree species comprises more than 7,000 different cultivars, or varieties. Such cultivars include the crabapple, Washington red apple and the wild Malus sieversii apple of the Far East. Different varieties of the apple tree grow in various regions throughout the world, making it available in any growing zone. The seeds of the apple tree, within the apples themselves, are small, ovular, flat and brown to black in color. The tree can be started from these seeds or from tree cuttings. Apples reproduce, needing at least two of the trees on your property to produce fruit. However, pear trees are known to cause apple trees to pollinate as well.


Commonly referred to as starflower, borage is an annual herbaceous plant variety that produces tiny speck-like seeds. Borage is often used to flavor desserts, teas and refreshing beverages like lemonade. It thrives in moist, dark soil with a rich addition of kitchen compost in many floral gardens. Propagating borage doesn't differ from many other wildflower varieties in that the tiny pepper-like seeds can be scattered over the soil for direct sowing. They thrive in the spring seasons of temperate climates and fall seasons of hot, arid regions. A versatile plant, borage also does well in indoor container gardens for people who like to keep their herbs near the kitchen.

Cobra Lily

A carnivorous plant of the pitcher variety, the cobra lily is also referred to as the California pitcher plant. It's an uncommon plant due to its sparseness in a natural environment; however its seeds are easy to propagate and maintain with little work. This makes it an easy plant to have near watery bog areas and cold water streams. Cobra lilies thrive on nutrient-poor soils because they depend on insects and other small creatures to sustain it. The seeds of the cobra lily, like other pitcher plant seeds, are skinny, small and beige to black in color.

Keywords: plant seed varieties, plant types list, list of plants

About this Author

Chelsea Hoffman resides in Las Vegas, Nev., where she is currently working on a dramatic novel titled "Chloe." A published freelance writer for over 15 years, Hoffman writes for GardenGuides, Travels, and a variety of other online and print venues.