Aloe, or Aloe Vera, is a succulent plant and needs very little care to thrive both indoors or outdoors during the summer. Aloe needs to be replanted into a new pot every one to two years. When choosing a new container for your aloe plant, choose one only slightly larger than the existing pot. At the time of replanting, you can remove the pups, or offsets of the roots, to be planted in their own containers.
Invert the aloe in the existing pot over newspaper to remove the plant from the container. Gently shake away any soil clinging to the roots.
Cut the offsets, or pups, away from the root using a sharp knife.
Set the root and the pups, cut sides up, and allow the cuts to "heal" over for two to three days.
Mix together equal parts of potting soil, sand and peat or sphagnum moss in a large tub or bucket.
Fill the new planting container with the soil mixture. Dig a hole in the soil just deep enough to cover the root of the aloe plant.
Place the root in the hole and cover with additional soil. Press down on the soil around the root to remove air pockets.
Allow the soil to completely dry out before watering.