Growing a successful garden depends on careful planning and selection of plants. Not only do you need a location that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight a day, the soil must drain easily and provide room for roots to grow. Choosing plants with days to maturity less than the number of frost-free days in your area, assures you that your crops are likely to mature in your garden. Drawing a garden plan helps determine the number of plants you will need.
Make a list of the vegetables or flowers you wish to grow. Include the recommended spacing for the specific plant. You can find this information in the seed packet or on the plant identification tag of seedlings.
Refer to the row spacing for your specific plants. This is the amount of space required between rows for healthy growth. Row spacing depends, in part, on how you intend to cultivate your garden. Allow 2-1/2 to 3 feet between rows if you intend to use a garden tiller to cultivate between rows during the growing season.
Draw the garden plot on a piece of graph paper. Decide on the scale you will use. One square on the graph should equal a specific distance in the garden. One or two squares per foot works well.
Sketch the rows on the graph paper following your determined scale.
Draw symbols, such as circles or triangles in the row to mark the position of plants. Space them according to the recommended spacing of the individual plants. The University of Florida Extension recommends including the planting date in your plans.
Use your drawn garden plan to determine the number of each plant you will need for your garden. Purchase seeds or seedlings and follow your garden plan to plant the garden.