Northern California consists of diverse geographical locations, which include Pacific shorelines, mountains and valleys. These diverse climatic regions host a vast population of flowering plant life, many of which are native to the state. April welcomes a wealth of blooms from many flowering plants which call the area home. Gardeners living in the area can choose from a wide selection of springtime flowering plants to add to their gardens.
Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca), also called the California strawberry, is a state native which belongs to the family Rosaceae. This evergreen, herbaceous perennial grows throughout Northern California at elevations between 98 and 6561 feet. Plants grow naturally throughout the areas of Northern California’s forests and chaparrals. This low-growing plant produces fragrant, white, five-petal flowers throughout April followed by edible strawberry fruits. Plants prefer growing in shady areas and are suitable for use in native gardens, as a groundcover or planted inside containers.
Candy flower (Claytonia sibirica), also called Siberian spring beauty, belongs to the family Portulacaeae. The evergreen, herbaceous perennial is a California native found growing throughout Redwood National Park, Patrick’s Point State Park and coastal scrubs. It occurs naturally in wetland areas, preferring moist soils. Candy flower is commonly found at elevations of 5000 to 7300 feet. Masses of pink and white star-like flowers form in April on 1-foot- tall plants covering the forest floor. Plants are suitable used in native gardens, as groundcovers or grown inside containers.
Milk maid (Cardamine californica), is an herbaceous perennial belonging to the family Brassicaceae. It is also known as California toothwort. Native to California, milk maid grows only throughout the western regions of North America. In Northern California, the plant is found at elevations between sea level and 6000 feet. Plants are found at Redwood National Park and other woodland forests throughout the area of the state. Plants bloom in April with clusters of small, white, four-petal flowers growing on plants approximately 1 foot tall. Milk maid is suitable for use in native and shady gardens, as a groundcover or planted inside containers.
Bleeding heart (Dicentra Formosa) is an herbaceous perennial belonging to the family Papaveraceae. It is also known as Pacific bleeding heart. The plant is native to California and is found growing naturally throughout Redwood National Forest, other forested areas and oak woodlands throughout Northern California. It prefers moist sites. Plants have fern-like foliage, with April bringing blooms ranging in colors of pink, red or white. Flowers are heart-shaped. It tolerates growing in elevations from sea level up to 10000 feet. These 1-foot-tall plants are well suited for use in native or mixed shady gardens, as well as planted inside hanging baskets or containers.