Container gardening, as the name implies, means growing tall or trailing annual, perennial or biennial plants in pots both indoors and outside. While such potted plants enhance curb value and aesthetic pleasure outdoors, they brighten up indoor space and add color to otherwise plain or dull settings. The types of pots and plants you can use indoors are as varied as the number of stars in the sky.
The plant kingdom has produced a wide array of beautiful plants including flowers, herbs, trees, vegetables, shrubs and succulents. While some are specifically meant for outdoor growing, there is a large variety of houseplants--those plants that can be grown indoors with success. Depending on the size of the container, use a single plant, or a medium-sized plant surrounded by smaller ones.
There are different sizes, shapes and styles of gardening pots made from a variety of materials including wood, terracotta, cement, metal and plastic. Some exteriors are left natural, while others are painted, polished or decorated with embellishments. Selection of the appropriate pot depends on the size of the plant it will contain and its placement. Hanging baskets are also a preferred choice for indoor pots that do not take any space.
Make sure the pot can easily contain the mature size of the plant you want to grow indoors, without toppling over due to excess weight. Compatibility in regard to size enhances the appeal of the room the plant is placed in. Creating the right balance of plant to the pot and the pot to the indoor spot is essential.
Drill drainage holes in the base of the pot that allow excess water to seep out instead of collecting. Fill the pot with good-quality, porous, light-weight potting medium that allows good drainage, and keep it evenly moist at all times. Make sure the indoor spot meets the sunlight and temperature requirement of the potted plant, otherwise it will decline and eventually die.
The right balance of plants and pots enhances the beauty and appeal of the inside spot. Use the same-colored pot and plant to add a touch of tranquility and harmony to the room, or contrasting colors for a dramatic touch so the plant stands out. Contained plants can be decorative and functional depending on the variety planted, because they spruce up a spot while allowing you to harvest fresh produce.
Indoor potted plants need more care and maintenance than outdoor ones to maintain the appearance and appeal of the spot. Water container soil frequently, as it dries out sooner than garden soil. Failure to do this causes foliage to wilt or crumble, and deteriorate. Many houseplants need regular misting to provide them the high humidity levels they need to survive. Over-fertilizing indoor plants causes excessive nitrogen to accumulate in the pot and is responsible for root burn.