Sod is prepared grass that is cut into small squares and laid over a tilled landscape like carpet to establish a new lawn. Sod provides grass that roots quickly. Although sod provides less choice in grass variety than traditional seeding, some gardeners prefer it to seed due to its strength. Sod farms provide sod by growing large areas with turf grass, which is cut into squares and shipped out. Land preparation is the most important aspect of a sod farm's success.
Perform a soil test on your lawn by sending soil samples from the yard to a local university extension office. Most universities provide these at a small cost. Take samples according to the instructions of the university.
Remove debris, such as trash and large rocks, from the land.
Use a chisel plow to break up the soil in the area to a depth of 10 inches. This will break up any hard spots in the soil, according to the University of Louisiana agricultural center.
Check the grade of the land using a land plane. Remove soil to make the landscape as smooth as possible.
Add soil supplements in accordance with to the results of the soil test. Spread it along the soil and till it in to a depth of between 4 and 8 inches. Add any starter fertilizers at this time as a primer.
Walk throughout the plowed area and inspect your foot prints. If the footprint goes down an inch or more, the soil is too fluffy. Roll the area using a garden roller to compact the dirt.
Apply pre-emergent herbicide and post emergent herbicide to the area, according to the chemical instructions, to eliminate weeds in the soil. Several applications may be necessary. Apply early enough before the seeding of the area to prevent the herbicide from damaging the sod.