Attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden this year by planting lilac bushes. There are 26 species and 4,000 varieties of lilac bushes available, according to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Colors of lilac varieties vary in shades of white, purple, violet, red, pink and blue. Flowers may be single or double, with single having four petals and double having numerous four-petal sets. Bush sizes can range from 5 feet to 25 feet in height. With such a wide variety to pick from, choose a lilac bush that is suitable for your garden.
Grown in hardiness zones 3 through 7, Mount Baker (Syringa x hyacinthiflora) produces fragrant, single, white flowers early in the spring with purple fall colors. This low-maintenance moderate-growing shrub may reach a height of 10 feet and spreads up to 15 feet in width when planted in full-sun to partial-shade. Uses include screening, hedges, borders, beds and cut flowers.
Grown in hardiness zones 3 through 7, Lilac Sunday (Syringa x chinensis) also known as Chinese or Rouen lilac, produces light purple or lavender flowers mid-season. This shrub is low-maintenance and grows moderately, reaching a mature height of 15 feet high by 15 feet wide when grown in full sun or partial-shade. The Lilac Sunday’s uses include screening, hedges beds, borders and as cut flowers.
Grown in hardiness zones 2 through 7, Miss Canada (Syringa x prestoniae) also known as Preston lilac, produces pink flowers in late spring. This shrub is a moderate-grower, reaching a height and width of 10 feet by 10 feet when grown in full-sun to partial-shade. Miss Canada prefers neutral or slightly alkaline soil with good drainage. Miss Canada’s uses include screening, hedges, borders, beds and cut flowers.
Known for its strong spicy fragrance, Lilac (Syringa pubescens) is hardy for zones 4 through 7. Blooming in mid-season, this lilac bush produces light purple flowers that turn to white. A moderate growing bush, the lilac may reach 10 feet high by 10 feet wide at maturity. Ideal for beds, roadsides, screening and hedges, this lilac bush tolerates neglect, reports Fine Gardening Magazine.
Grown in hardiness zones 4 through 7, Superba (Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla) also known as Littleleaf lilac produces single pink or rose-colored flowers mid-season and again in late-summer. Reaching a height of 15 feet tall by 15 feet wide, the Superba is considered a moderate grower. Uses of the Superba include borders, hedges, screening and as cut flowers.
Henri Robert (Syringa vulgaris) also known as the Common lilac or French lilac, is the most popular species available. Grown in hardiness zones 3 through 7, this bush will reach a mature height of up to 15 feet and spread up to 10 feet. The Henri Robert’s fragrant flowers bloom in the spring and range from white to purple in color. Uses of this shrub include borders or beds, screening, naturalizing, cut flowers or as a flowering tree.