Goji berries are being described as a “super food” in media outlets across the nation. This little berry originated in China and Mongolia, growing on the mountainous terrain. It has been widely used in China, Japan and Korea for thousands of years as a medicinal herb, according to the University of Illinois. Goji berries grow from the plant species L. barbarum, which can reach 12 feet in height and 10 feet wide. This bushy shrub has vine-like branches that will spread to 12 feet or more if left undisturbed. The Goji berries harvest in the fall, with flowers blooming from July until August.
Dig a hole one and one-half times the size of the original container of the plant. Mix the soil from the planter with the extracted soil. Place the plant into the hole and cover with the soil mixture.
Firm the soil around the plant base and water generously until the soil is moist. Apply a player of mulch 2 inches deep around the planting area. Do not allow the mulch to rest against the Goji shrub. This can lead to pests infecting the trunk.
Water every day for the first three weeks after transplanting to initiate establishment of the plant. Decrease watering to once weekly after three weeks. Continue to water once weekly until the plant has been established for one year. After one year, rainfall is adequate as the Goji berry shrub is very drought-tolerant.
Prune the plant in late fall after the berries have been harvested, when the width of the plant reaches 10 feet. Pruning will improve the taste of the berries and prevent the plant from overcrowding other plants in the garden.