The pomegranate is a small, deciduous tree or shrub that can grow up to 30 feet in height. The flowers are showy and bloom in the spring. Flowers are approximately 1 1/2 inches in diameter and are red, white or variegated in color. The fruit ripens six to seven months after flowering and is blood red in color, with tiny, hard seeds. The tree is hardy, but can be difficult to produce fruit unless certain conditions are met.
Plant your pomegranate trees in a bright, sunny location. They need to get at least eight hours of full sunshine per day to bear fruit. Place them in the sunniest spot in your yard or garden where they will have plenty of room to grow and will not receive shade from other trees.
Stake the young pomegranate to the ground to provide stability while it establishes itself. Tie garden string to the stem and secure it into the ground with stakes on opposite sides of the tree.
Water every two weeks with at least 4 inches of water. Pomegranates can tolerate drought conditions but must receive a significant amount of water to produce fruit.
Fertilize pomegranates with 2 to 4 oz. of ammonium sulfate the first two springs so that the trees will get enough nutrients to produce fruit.
Prune the tree early in the spring before it starts growing new leaves. Cut off the shoots that are coming from the base of the tree and apply pruning salve to prevent disease. Pruning can reduce fruit production. When the tree is 3 years old, prune the tree only to remove dead or diseased limbs and shoots from the base of the tree.
Harvest fruit when it is bright red in color. Use clippers to clip the fruit from the tree as close to the base of the stem as possible, Pulling the fruit off can damage the tree.
Mulch the trees in spring with 3 inches of mulch at the base of the tree. The mulch will help hold the moisture to the tree roots and help prevent weeds.