Lawn Grass Varieties

Grass helps insulate the soil, retain moisture and guard against the damaging effects of wind and water erosion. Like other plants, lawn grasses require suitable climates and soil conditions to survive and flourish. While some grasses require warm temperatures and rich soils, others prefer cool, dry conditions. Selecting the right type of grass for your location and conditions will help ensure your lawn is lush and healthy.

Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass offers low maintenance and resilience. Buffalo grass grows well in moderate temperatures, thriving in the Great Plains states, southwestern states and parts of Canada. This grass tolerates droughts and heat, making it a good choice for a variety of sites. Although buffalo grass begins to turn green later in the spring than other varieties, it remains green well into the fall. In areas with average rainfall, buffalo grass seldom requires watering. This grass grows slowly and requires minimal mowing during the summer.

Kentucky Bluegrass

A common cool-season grass, Kentucky bluegrass thrives in northern latitudes. This grass produces fine textured, blue-green blades of grass that withstand foot traffic, making it a useful selection for athletic fields, golf fairways and lawns. Kentucky bluegrass flourishes with adequate water and fertilizer. Keep the soil slightly moist near the roots and apply a fertilizer once or twice each year. This grass tolerates shade and heat.

Perennial Ryegrass

Perennial ryegrass is resistant to wear and tear, standing up to heavy traffic and pressure. The glossy blades provide rich tones in the yard. This grass grows best in mild coastal regions and prefers warm winters and cool, moist summers. It requires slightly damp soil and suffers during periods of drought.

Bahia Grass

Bahia grass prefers tropical and semitropical climates, such as those found in areas of the southern United States. This grass tolerates many types of soil, including sand and clay. It prefers soils with a slightly, acidic content and won’t tolerate salinity. Bahia grass survives drought conditions for extended periods and grows in areas that don’t receive irrigation. Bahia grass grows naturally along roadsides in warm, semitropical locations.

Keywords: lawn grass types, grass varieties, types of grass

About this Author

Piper Li, a professional freelance writer, began writing in 1989. Her articles appear in Modern Mom, Biz Mojo, Walden University and GardenGuides. She is the co-editor for "Kansas Women: Focus on Health." With a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Mesa State, Li enjoys writing about health, horticulture and business management.