Guide to Vegetable Gardening

Overview

Plants can add beauty to a property, but many gardeners want more than a simple, relaxing hobby. They want to grow fresh vegetables without chemical sprays and preservatives. They want to save money by growing vegetables that can be grown every year. The good news is that growing a vegetable garden isn’t any more difficult than starting any other garden.

Step 1

Decide the types of vegetables that you would like to grow in your garden. You should make your decision partially based on the kinds of weather conditions that the plants will be exposed to and the amount of water and sunlight that the plants will receive. Soil is also an important factor, though it can be improved if necessary.

Step 2

Dig a hole and add soil that contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Other nutrients, such as magnesium and calcium, are also helpful in encouraging your vegetables to grow healthy.

Step 3

Decide if you want to grow your vegetables from seeds or if you want to purchase potted plants and move those plants to your garden.

Step 4

Create small holes in the soil where you want to grow your vegetables.

Step 5

Sprinkle seeds in these holes. Be sure to space the vegetables apart enough so that they are not competing for nutrients or sunlight.

Step 6

Push soil gently over the seeds. Do not push the soil in too tightly. The seeds need oxygen and the soil needs drainage. Lack of oxygen or drainage encourages fungi and root rot.

Step 7

Water the soil until it is moist, but not soaking. Lack of water leads to poor germination and growth.

Step 8

Add fertilizer to a watering can twice a month and water the plants in order to ensure that they always have adequate nutrients.

Step 9

Harvest based on the type of vegetable that you are growing. Some vegetables have leaves that are trimmed from the plant, while others have roots that are consumed. There are also vegetables that produce seeds that are eaten.

Tips and Warnings

  • Some plants are vulnerable to pests and diseases. However, chemical sprays designed to protect these plants can be harmful to both humans and animals. Fortunately, there are often organic alternatives to chemical sprays.

Things You'll Need

  • Fertilizer
  • Seeds
  • Soil

References

  • The Garden Helper: Vegetable Gardening Basics
  • Backyard Gardening: Vegetable Gardening
Keywords: vegetable gardening, chemical spray, sprinkle seeds, root rot, plant disease

About this Author

Charles Pearson has written as a freelancer for two years. He has a B.S. in Literature from Purdue University Calumet and is currently working on his M.A. He has written three ebooks so far: Karate You Can Teach Your Kids, Macadamia Growing Handout and The Raw Food Diet.