How to Grow Exotic Fruit Trees

Overview

Exotic fruit trees grow best in warm climates, especially near the Equator. They are several species, including avocados, mangoes and bananas. One thing they all have in common--they cannot grow in frost conditions. The best time to plant exotic fruit trees is between March and October. Following the proper growing and care instructions will provide you with yummy tropical fruit in your backyard.

Step 1

Choose a planting spot that is in the southern part of your yard. Exotic fruit trees need sun. It is best to put the tree under a roof overhang or near a house because the building will give the tree heat in the wintertime and the canopy will protect the tree from cold.

Step 2

Space the tree so it has enough room to grow. Most exotic fruit trees develop a large size when they mature. Make sure there is enough room to accommodate the large size.

Step 3

Loosen the soil with a rotary tiller to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. Dig a hole that is twice as wide but the same depth as the tree's root mass. Give the roots room to spread out.

Step 4

Pour water into the planting hole halfway. Let it drain out. This will give the tree some water to use later, and also give you the chance to check drainage.

Step 5

Cut off the plant pot with pruning shears. Gently remove the exotic tree from the container, making sure not to damage the roots in the process.

Step 6

Add compost to the removed soil to create a 50-50 mix. Place the tree in the center of the hole and fill in around it with the soil mixture. Water thoroughly.

Step 7

Build a water berm around the base of the fruit tree. Pile soil up so it is 4 inches high. Fill the space with water and let it drain.

Step 8

Add 4 inches of compost on top of the berm. Make sure the compost is 1 foot from the tree trunk.

Step 9

Water the newly planted exotic fruit tree daily to keep the roots consistently moist. In hot weather, you may need to water up to three times a day.

Step 10

Fertilize tropical fruit trees with compost annually, beginning in the second year. Apply 4 inches around the tree, keeping it 1 foot from the trunk.

Tips and Warnings

  • Never fertilize exotic fruit trees during the first year of growth.

Things You'll Need

  • Rototiller
  • Shovel
  • Soil
  • Compost
  • Water

References

  • Grow Tropical Fruit: Tropical Fruit Trees
  • Tropica Mango Rate and Exotic Fruit Nursery: General Care Guide For Growing Tropical Fruit Trees
Keywords: exotic fruit trees, tropical fruit trees, grow fruit trees

About this Author

Kelly Shetsky has been a broadcast journalist for more than 10 years, researching, writing, producing and reporting daily on many topics. In addition, she writes for several websites, specializing in medical, health and fitness, arts and entertainment, travel and business. Shetsky has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from Marist College.