Bamboo can create a peaceful screen between yards or serve as the centerpiece for an Eastern-inspired garden. While most gardeners think of green when it comes to bamboo, stalks are available in hues of red, blue, black, white or yellow. Bamboo varies greatly in its mature size, cold hardiness and spread, so choose a bamboo stalk that suits your gardening needs, climate and soil type. Plant bamboo stalks in the spring or fall.
Choose a site that offers the bamboo plenty of sun. If you're growing running bamboo stalks, select a site that offers them room to spread. Running bamboo grows much faster than clumping bamboo; these spread to several feet a year and work well as fence lines or natural barriers.
Dig a hole twice as large as the bamboo stalk's root ball. Then place the bamboo stalk in the prepared hole so it rests at the same depth as it was planted in its container.
Fill in the hole with soil to finish planting your bamboo stalk.
Water the newly planted bamboo until the ground becomes saturated and the soil compresses around the bamboo.
Mulch the ground around your bamboo with 2 to 4 inches of organic mulch. As the mulch decomposes, it will nourish the bamboo with nutrients; this is what the American Bamboo Society recommends in lieu of fertilizing bamboo plants.
Water the bamboo twice a week until the soil becomes saturated, unless you receive sufficient rainfall that week to skip a watering.
Rake up fallen leaves as they occur to prevent them from rotting in the soil. Bamboo leaves turn yellow and fall off periodically throughout the year as the plant grows.