Using storage bins for container gardening is inexpensive, space efficient and productive. A storage bin can consist of a heavy duty 30 gallon plastic container, a milk jug cut in half and anything in between. Storage container gardening is simpler than conventional gardening because you control the amount of sunlight, water, nutrients and to some extent the temperature. The storage container garden is easier to tend to because there is a very low incidence of weed and insect infestation with no digging and bending over.
Locate the storage container garden on a level balcony, deck or patio with a western or southern exposure that receives six to eight hours of sunlight daily with a nearby water supply. The space available dictates the size of container used.
Choose a food-safe, sturdy, light-colored container resistant to becoming brittle from the sun and outdoor elements. Dark containers absorb heat from the sun and can damage root systems.
Select a container with of depth of 8 to 12 inches to accommodate the root systems of most plants.
Drill three evenly spaced 1-inch drain-holes in the bottom of the storage container, and cover these with coffee filters to keep the growing medium from leaching out of the holes when watered.
Fill the storage container with the growing medium of your choice to accommodate the plants you wish to grow.