Floral bouquets are made to give as gifts in Pelham, Alabama and just about anywhere else flowers are available for arranging. They can be given to celebrate birthdays, anniversaries, graduations or set on a grave site. A floral bouquet differs from a wedding bouquet because it has a flat back and is designed to be either arranged in a vase or for setting on a flat surface. Almost any flower can be used for a flower bouquet in Pelham, Alabama, but flowers with a history of not wilting for several hours out of water are the best choices, such as roses, carnations, or chrysanthemums.
Hydrate all flowers and greenery by cutting an inch of the stem from the bottom of each stem and placing the stem end in a container of water containing the correct amount of professional floral preservative. You can find the correct amount of floral preservative to use by reading the instructions on the floral preservative container. Professional floral preservative can be purchased from a local florist or found in the craft department in a major department store in Pelham, Alabama. Let the flowers hydrate for at least 6 hours.
Find a flat surface to make your flower bouquet. Lay out a layer of greenery with the stem ends toward you. The stems should be close together and the greenery should be laid out in a fan shape.
Place a few stems of smaller flowers in the next layer, keeping the stems pointing toward you. During the process, the stems should be close together in lengths, but not exactly the same length. They will be cut again when you finish making the bouquet, and again before they are placed in a vase of water.
Add several larger flowers, then a few stems of greenery followed by stems of smaller flowers, then a few larger flowers. As you make each layer, bring the stems a little closer to you so you have a tiered look and the larger flowers, greenery and small filler flowers are easily seen when the bouquet is laid on a flat surface. Do not put all the flowers and greenery at the same level where the bouquet can only be viewed when it is held in one hand, like a wedding bouquet. A nice flower bouquet is designed to be held in the crook of the arm.
Tie one or several colorful ribbons around the stems once the bouquet is finished to hold the bouquet together. Cut the stems below the ribbon in several different lengths that vary by about one-half inch to create a natural or fresh-picked look. However, leave enough length on the stems so they can be easily arranged in a vase.