Bougainvillea is a flowering vine, native to South America. The brightly colored, papery bracts (leaf structure that surrounds a small flower), which some people assume are the plant’s flowers, make it a popular ornamental planting in the home landscape. Bougainvillea, depending upon variety, blooms in purple, fuchsia, peach and white. Bougainvillea is an easy to grow plant that is tolerant of a wide variety of soil types and pH.
Remove all weeds from the planting area. If you must use a commercial herbicide to kill weeds, follow the label instructions regarding how long to wait after application prior to planting.
Dig into the soil to a depth of 6 inches using a spade or long-handled gardening fork. Turn and crush the soil and remove any rocks or other debris.
Amend the soil by mixing in a 3-inch layer of compost to a depth of 6 inches. Rake the soil until it is level and smooth and you are ready to plant the bougainvillea.