Perennial flowers, daffodils bloom in the early spring in areas with moderate winter climates and late spring in areas with cold winters. While the bulbs that grow daffodils can be left in the ground during the winter and still bloom in the spring, some people prefer to protect daffodil bulbs from the cold by planting the bulbs each spring and removing the bulbs from the ground at the end of each growing season.
Plant daffodil bulbs in an area that receives direct sunlight and drains well. Till down to 12 or 15 inches in the soil with a mini-rake or hoe and mix in organic matter, such as compost, to prepare the soil.
Insert the bulbs into the ground so the top of the bulb is at least two times deeper than the size of the bulb. If you have a 3-inch bulb, for example, the top should be at least 6 inches beneath the surface. Planting the bulb this deep helps prevent the plant from bending once it breaks through the surface of the soil.
Fertilize daffodil bulbs with a fertilizer that doesn't contain a high amount of nitrogen. Daffodils do not require much nitrogen, and an overabundance of nitrogen can impede growth and cause the bulb to rot, according to Daffodil USA.
Water the bulbs frequently. Try to keep the ground constantly moist while the bulbs germinate. Daffodil USA recommends covering the daffodil bed with a layer of pine straw to help retain moisture.
Remove the daffodil bulbs from the ground at the end of the growing season. To remove the bulbs, use a spade to dig around the bulb in at a diameter of 3 to 4 inches on either side, 8 to 10 inches down. Then, pull the bulbs up, brush as much of the dirt away as possible with your hands, and wash the bulbs with water to remove the remaining dirt.
Lay the daffodil bulbs out until they're dry. Place the daffodil bulbs somewhere cool with good air circulation for the winter. Daffodil USA recommends storing the bulbs in a mesh bag.