Whether a homeowner decides to remove a tree himself or hires a professional to do the task, using the right equipment is essential for executing the task safely and properly. An axe is not the only equipment used nowadays; a combination of tools and equipment, along with human strength, are needed at every step.
A chainsaw is a portable saw that runs on electricity, hydraulic power, compressed air or a two-stroke engine, and is used for cutting wood. It has replaced the traditional saw in forestry and is most commonly used for operations involving tree felling or removal of unwanted branches, stems of foliage. This essential tree-removal equipment comes in a variety of sizes, ranging from small electric saws for home garden use to lumberjack saws meant for larger operations.
The first chainsaw-like instrument was made by a German orthopedist in 1830. Modifications were made to the design, and the gasoline-powered chainsaw was developed in the mid to late 1920s. A chainsaw features a cutting chain, similar to a bicycle chain, with sharp metal "teeth" or edges that rotate between speeds from 36 to 62 mph while making precise incisions. The chain is frequently lubricated with oil to assist smooth operation and prevent jamming. Its portability enables a person to access almost all parts of a tree, no matter how high, and it is strong enough to penetrate thick barks.
A stump is what remains of the tree after the trunk and branches have been cut off. Removing a stump is often difficult, because its roots are deeply embedded in the soil and hold it securely. Also called a stump cutter, a stump grinder is a standalone tool or equipment attachment that ranges in size from a lawn mower to a truck, and is strong enough to remove stumps of all sizes. This powerful tree removal equipment was introduced in 1956 and featured the first horizontally rotating motor. A modern stump grinder is comprised of a rotating disc, like a wheel, with sharp "teeth" or edges around the rim that grind stumps and roots into smaller pieces. A hydraulic lever automatically lowers the blade downward as the stump is reduced in height, until it rests a few inches below soil level.
There are three types of stump grinder commercially available in the market--a self-propelled grinder with a control panel; a handle bar that operates a lawn mower, with the operator pushing and walking behind it; and a tow-behind grinder that is attached to the back of a tractor or truck and used for heavy or large operations.
A shovel is comprised of a long wooden or metal handle fixed to a iron or steel sheet that loosens soil around unwanted, shallow-rooted or young trees prior to removing them.
A grub hoe or pick axe assists in prying or hacking stubborn roots. Both these tools feature a handle smaller than a shovel's, attached to a metal head that is flat at one end and pointed at the other. Both sides break hard soil; the flat end assists in breaking large or stubborn roots when removing a tree.