Germination of Bermuda Grass


Bermuda grass is a hardy turf grass and forage for livestock. It is drought resistant (although it will go dormant during drought conditions, meaning the leaves will brown) and very heat-tolerant. It does best at a temperature from 95 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, though it will grow at any temperature above 50 degrees. The optimum environment for the grass is where the average daily temperature is above 75 degrees, and where there is full sun or partial shade. The grass can tolerate significant quantities of rain but does not do well in soil that is not drained. It is well-suited to high traffic areas.

Step 1

Dispose of all of the old grass and weeds by tilling them under or removing them, keeping in mind that the plants may take a while to decompose. Begin this process only after the soil temperature has reached 65 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.

Step 2

Test the soil to determine if it is heavy in clay or sand.

Step 3

Till the soil to a depth of 6 inches, incorporating any additives as recommended by the soil test.

Step 4

Scatter the lawn with half of the Bermuda grass seed, throwing it consistently in one direction or axis. Sow the other half of the seed in directions at right angles to the first seeds.

Step 5

Rake the Bermuda grass seeds in with a small (less than 1/8 inch) amount of manure or fine organic material. Spray water lightly and evenly over the lawn. Keep the soil moist for one or two weeks to ensure proper germination.

Step 6

Reduce the frequency of watering and increase the amount of water used when the new seeds have sprouted and are firmly established. Apply only as much water as will drain, as the grass will not appreciate standing water.

Step 7

Avoid mowing more than 40 percent of its leaf length at a time once the grass has germinated and while it is young. Fertilize the grass if it is yellow or weak, using up to 1 lb. of nitrogen fertilizer per 1,000 square feet.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden tiller
  • Roller
  • Manure
  • Gypsum or lime, if soil contains a lot of clay
  • 3 lbs. coated or hulled seed per 1,000 square feet of lawn, or 3 to 5 lbs. if un-hulled


  • BermudaGrass: Bermuda Grass Establishment
  • Texas A&M University: Bermudagrass, The Sports Turf of the South
Keywords: bermuda grass, grass seed, proper germination

About this Author

Gertrude Elizabeth Greene has been a freelance writer and editor for 10 years.Greene writes about a variety of topics including cooking, culture, nutrition, pets and home maintenance for websites such as eHow, GardenGuides and the Daily Puppy. She holds degrees in both philosophy and psychology.