Coconut fiber is called coir, a material used for packaging, rope, potting mixes and fuel. The fiber comes from the outer husk of the fruit, which grows on single-trunk palms reaching up to 100 feet in height. This tree will not produce fruit indoors, so in order to grow coconut fiber, you must live in a tropical or subtropical climate where the temperature stays above 35 degrees F. Knowledge of how to plant and care for coconut will help you produce this useful fiber.
Find an area with full sun and well-drained soil. Coconuts can tolerate clay, loam, sand, acidic and alkaline soils as long as they are well-drained. Soak the coconut fruit in a pail of water for two or three days.
Dig a shallow hole and lay the coconut on its side. Bury only the lower third of the nut. Water deeply twice a week.
Fertilize the coconut every two months beginning the second year of growth. Obtain a coconut-specific fertilizer and apply 1 pound per every 100 square feet around the tree. The coconut will require less fertilizer when young. Follow the directions on the package for application instructions; each brand will differ.
Harvest the coconuts one month before full maturity. These fruits turn brown and fall off the tree when ripe--this can take up to a year. You must get them off the tree a month before they fall for the best coconut fiber material.