Whether you have a large plot or a few planters, home gardening is healthy and satisfying. While spring and summer in the UK are conducive to growing a variety of vegetables, there are several autumn and winter vegetables as well. Most vegetables in the UK are broadly divided into five families--cabbage; onion, pea and bean; potato and cucumber; lettuce and carrot and beet family. Successful vegetable gardening in the UK depends on planning, site preparation, after care and maintenance.
Design the vegetable plot on graph paper to determine the location of each group. Space beds 18 inches apart so you can easily walk between rows.
Loosen up the soil to a depth of 3 inches in the planting site. To do this, insert a shovel deep enough in the soil and pull it out. This helps aerate the soil and break it up into smaller mounds. Make sure the planting site has well-drained soil, because most vegetables develop root rot if standing in a pool of water. Choose a site that receives at least six hours of sunlight every day and has a pH level between 6.5 to 7.0.
Add shovelfuls of well-rotted manure or organic compost to the planting site and rake it in so it goes deep down. Mix in some general fertilizer and rake deep. These soil amendments enrich the soil to provide essential nutrients to the growing vegetables.
Sow seeds or seedlings in the amended soil after the danger of frost has passed. Refer to the label instructions for seed depth and spacing. If planting seedlings, dig holes in the soil as deep as to rootball and lower each. Cover the roots with soil completely.
Trellis climbing plants, such as beans, cucumbers and tomatoes, so they grow upright. Depending on personal taste, insert wooden stakes just behind each plant or use a bamboo tepee or a lattice trellis. Spread growing tendrils over the slats to encourage the plants to grow upwards.
Water, fertilize and weed the vegetable plants regularly. Water enough to provide vegetables 1 inch of water every week. Feed the plants a vegetable fertilizer during growing season. Follow label directions for application rates. Remove weeds by hand. Deter pests by spraying the vegetable patch with pepper spray or insecticidal soap solution.