Legumes include vegetables such as peas and beans, which produce seed pods. There are many different varieties, and the choice of seed depends on many factors, such as how much space you have available, whether you require climbing or bush varieties, what sort of yield you wish to achieve and the consistency of your soil.
Growing Legumes From Seed
Place seeds into a container of water for 12 to 24 hours. This allows the dried seeds to rehydrate, and will speed up germination.
Place compost into seed trays. Gently push down the compost with your fingers so it becomes slightly firm. The trays should be roughly three-quarters full.
Place the seeds in the trays, approximately 2 inches apart. If you are using trays with individual cells, place one seed in each cell. Add more compost to the trays, pushing down firmly with your fingers as you work until the seeds are completely covered and the trays are full.
Using a watering can with a rose attachment, water the potted seeds thoroughly. A rose attachment is necessary to provide a gentle flow of water. If the flow of water is too forceful, the compost and seeds may be washed out.
Water the trays of seeds whenever the soil feels dry, usually every two to three days, depending on the weather in your area. Do not over water, as this may cause the seeds to rot. When your seedlings are ready to be transplanted to their final growing position, they should have at least two fully formed leaves, preferably four.
Dig over the area which will be the final growing position for your legumes. Remove as many weed roots as possible. Dig shallow trenches for the young legume plants.
Gently remove the seedlings from the trays, gripping the plants gently but firmly at the stem between your thumb and first finger, close to the soil. Lift the plant slowly and steadily, gently rocking back and forth to loosen the roots until the plant comes free.
Place the young plant into the prepared trench and place soil firmly around the base, covering the roots and up to 1/2 inch of the stem.
Water the transplanted seedlings thoroughly using a watering can with a rose attachment. At this point, add a small amount of fertilizer around the base, but do not allow it to touch any part of the plant.