Growing crops at home is a way to avoid paying high prices as the super market while providing fresh, nutritious, chemical vegetables for the family. Planting a home garden for the first time can be overwhelming for the beginner gardener. However, there are a variety of easy-to-grow vegetables that require little care and thrive well in most growing conditions.
The tomato is an easy-to-grow vegetable. Tomato plants thrive well-drained, slightly acidic, loamy soils. Once the chance of frost has past, plant tomatoes where they'll receive at least six hours of full sun each day and water plants two to three times a week. According to the Ohio State University, mulching around plants helps soil retain moisture and stops weed growth. Tomato crops are ready to harvest in 45 to 90 days, depending on the variety. Allow tomatoes to ripen on the vine when possible. Choose varieties of tomato that are disease resistant to ensure a healthier crop. Beefsteak tomatoes are good for slicing, cherry tomatoes work well in salads or as snacks and Roma tomatoes are best used for sauces and stews.
Radishes are fast-maturing, hardy vegetables that have been cultivated for more than 2,000 years. The radish is a cold-weather crop that grows best when planted in the late winter to midspring. Plant radishes in well-drained, moist, loamy soils and in areas where they will receive full sun exposure for six or more hours each day. Water radishes regularly at least two to three times a week. Lack of water allows radishes to dry out and the flavor becomes hotter. The University of Arkansas states that radishes mature in 25 to 30 days. Pull radishes when they are young to avoid the cracks and splits that occur in older radishes. Varieties of spring radish are sparkler and cabernet. Summer radishes include the champion and white icicle.
The easy-growing pepper is available in a variety of colors, shapes, and it can be sweet or hot. Peppers are a warm-season crop, so plant them in the spring once the chance of frost has passed. Peppers thrive in well-drained, loamy or sandy soils and require full sun exposure for six or more hours each day. Mulching around plants helps keep them warm during the cooler spring evenings and helps prevent weeds. Peppers are ready to harvest in 70 to 85 days after planting. Harvest sweet peppers when they reach full size. All bell peppers are green in color. Allow them to remain on the vine until they change colors. Jalapeno and red chili are easy-to-grow hot peppers. Jackpot and Valencia are low-maintenance, sweet bell peppers.