Indoor gardening makes it possible for anyone to grow beautiful flowers, or tasty vegetables no matter what the season or available outside space. All it takes are a few simple items to get started on growing plants indoors, and anyone can do it on their own with easy to find supplies.
Pick plants that both suit your desires, flowers for room ambiance and fragrance, herbs or vegetables for cooking. The space you have will also dictate the type of plants you can grow. Some indoor herb gardens are as small as a windowsill, while tomatoes or tall flowers like gladiolas, need a lot of space to grow.
Light is extremely important and is the prime concern for indoor growing. Pick lights with blue and red light from the spectrum. Those are the two colors that effect plants the most. The blue light helps plants develop thick, strong leaves and stalks, while the red light helps them flower and bloom. Even though light is important, do not leave your lights on 24 hours a day. Plants need a dormant time to rest too. Give your plants at least 8 hours of darkness per day. Set your lights on a timer to be sure the lights turn on and off on their own so you don't forget them.
Plants grow in warm weather. They are naturally dormant in cold climates. It is important to know the general climate each plant favors. Most tropical plants, including vegetables, herbs and many flowers may tolerate cooler rooms, but they won't grow well in temperature less than 72 degrees F. They will accept cooler nights, but need daytime temperatures to rise above the minimum temperature to blossom or fruit. If you want the room temperature cooler than 72 degrees F during the day, choose large green plants like Cast Iron plants, Aspidistra or ferns that prefer a cooler climate.
Plants like moist air. Put groups of plants close together to create a more humid area inside their cluster. Use a room humidifier to give them more moisture. The more moisture in the air, the longer a watering lasts in keeping the soil moist. Give the plants a good boost of moisture in between waterings by spraying them with cool water in a mist from a spray bottle.
Like outside, the soil for indoor growing must be a good medium for plant growth. It needs to be strong enough to support the plant, but light enough to give it plenty of space for water to flow through and drain properly. If the soil is too dense, water will pool up around the base of the plant and not soak into the soil where the roots need it. If the soil is too loamy and light, water will run right through without giving the roots time to soak up what they need. A good mix is 1 part peat moss, 1 part potting soil and 1 part sand.