Aloe is a plant that has 325 different species, most being native to Africa, according to the Penn State University Extension. Aloe is known for its medicinal qualities, especially its soothing quality on burns and other skin ailments. Aloe water is used as a refreshing drink available in bottled form in most health food stores. The aloe plant will grow as a consolidated, flattened rosette, with leaves 8 to 10 inches long. The plant spreads with rhizomes.
Plant the aloe plant in an area with partial shade.
Plant the aloe in soil that is slightly alkaline to slightly acidic. Mix 1 part perlite, grit or coarse sand to 2 parts commercial mix for container plants, or use a cactus soil mixture.
Water aloe plants so that the soil is wet. Allow the soil to dry before watering again. Plant in a pot with good drainage when planting indoors.
Fertilize aloe in the spring using a diluted bloom type fertilizer with a ratio of 10-40-10. Follow label instructions for dosage details.
Move potted plants outdoors during the summer. Bring them inside before the first frost, as aloe plants do not tolerate cold weather and can only grow outdoors in temperate regions that do not freeze, according to the Arizona Cooperative Extension.